We live in the age of conspiracy theories and the thirsting of the public for a story that challenges the manufactured news of the corporate media and government. The reason for this is that indeed news is so slanted toward molding public opinion than of informing. Government has intentionally used the media to induce political conformity so the truth of a news story is lost in propaganda. Disinformation has been an integral part of foreign policy in modern history and this is understandable when countries are enaged in war. From the Spanish-American War when the US launched its imperial global reach until the present era of modern surveillance and drone warfare, the media has been a tool in policy for the purpose of shaping public opinion at home and abroad.
The publicly-stated US goal in invading Afghanistan and coercing Pakistan to accept US military intervention on its soil after 9/11 from which to launch operation against the Afghan regime, Taliban and al-Qaeda was to capture and/or kill Osama bin-Laden thus eliminating the terrorism threat to the US; a public relations promise that in reality would amount to nothing, considering Islamic militancy has actually been on the rise in the last five years. The publicly-stated goal placed the US in a very limited position because it entailed only a military solution was possible to the “manufactured war on terror” intended to replace the Cold War as the rationale for continuing the same foreign policy from the Truman administration to the present.
The unspoken US goal was to establish a foothold next to Iran or to encircle Iran and force it into making concessions on the development of nuclear weapons under the guise of developing energy. In short, the real goal of the US was to determine the balance of power so that Iran does not enjoy that role or at least its power is considerably diminished. Osama bin-Laden was the catalytic symbol that held together an otherwise futile and contradictory US foreign policy with detrimental consequences to the economy drained by massive defense spending while China was capturing market share even in Afghanistan and Pakistan that the US controlled militarily. In other words, the US was desperate and needed a symbolic victory so that it avoids the Vietnam syndrome, considering that Iran and China had actually benefited from the US military intervention in Afghanistan and Iraq.
In a democratic society, the public is 'consuming news' often unaware that it is really disinformation. This is a major reason that conspiracy theories have become so popular. For example, the more that the US tried to demonize Russian President Vladimir Putin over the Ukraine crisis, the more the disinformation was backfiring, leaving the Obama team to argue that more money was needed to devote countering the Russian propaganda campaign. This reveals that the only response for the ineffective disinformation campaign was more disinformation, as though the Russians enjoy a ubiquitous influence over Western public opinion.